Citation & Reference

When you write your assignments or dissertation, you are expected to refer to the work of other authors. Each time you do so, it is necessary to identify their work by making reference to it – both in the text of your assignment (called ‘citation’) and in a list at the end of your assignment (called a ‘Reference List’). This practice of acknowledging authors is known as ‘referencing’. In this way, you avoid plagiarism.


Essentially, the simplified instructions are:

  •  If you use someone else’s exact words in your work they must appear in quotation marks and be cited and referenced correctly.
  • If you paraphrase of summarize someone else’s words in your work you should cite and reference correctly.
  •  If you use someone else’s data, image or other creation in your work you must credit the creator with a citation and reference.
  • IF IN DOUBT, CITE AND REFERENCE – It is better to make an error by over-citing and referencing than by not citing and referencing adequately.


You do not need to cite and reference:

  •  Common Knowledge (but you need to be careful with the assumptions that you make – again, if in doubt CITE and REFERENCE)
  •  Your own thoughts and words (unless they have been previously published or used in a prior work)


Using the Correct Referencing Style


The Glion Online program uses the American Psychological Association (APA) Referencing style.  Here is the general rule to follow – The Big Three:

  • Use “Quotation marks” when writing words copied directly from someone else
  • Use an in-text citation (author, year) for every quote or paraphrase that you have
  • A full reference listing for every in-text citation, listed at the end of your document


The APA Referencing Style has a specific formula for getting all the details of the referencing listing right.  You must investigate the details yourself, so that you avoid the risk of being downgraded for not following the correct referencing style.


You will be receiving the APA Referencing Style Pocket Guide at the start of your M900 course, but here are some links to explain the APA Style further:           

Useful Resources